Author Archives: Cilia

Gender and media: Historical, temporal and contemporary trends

Our Special Issue 9.2 on Gender and Media is online now.

The Special Issue is divided into two sections. The first one includes work that features a historical or a temporal dimension in its analysis of gender and media and that explores how shifts and transformations may affect practices of production and gender representation. There is a particular attention for work that examines how journalism has both furthered and hampered sociocultural and political change for people who are not white, heterosexual and male. As this issue demonstrates, shifts and transformations do not automatically imply progression and emancipation. These articles, above all, demonstrate the need for gender and media scholars to keep a close watch on practices and processes in media and popular culture, reveal and understand the sociocultural implications for how gender and sexuality are shaped and experienced in and through media.

Articles in this section:
Same-sex love in times of Dutroux: The articulation of homosexuality with child abuse in late 1990s’ Flemish print media
Authors:  Florian Vanlee And  Sofie Van Bauwel And Frederik Dhaenens

From bullfighter’s lover to female matador: The evolution of Madonna’s gender displays in her music videos

Authors:  Iolanda Tortajada And  Núria Araüna And Cilia Willem

Authors:  Sara de Vuyst

The second section engages in the weighty debate of the possibilities created by the democratization of content production enabled by digital media and social networks. Specifically, this issue proposes insights into the ways in which young people use these new communication tools for solidarity actions and produce potentially transformative outputs in gender terms. Thus, some emphasis is placed on activists and their resistance to stereotypes. At the same time, we would not like to understate how so-called ‘new media’ reproduce former inequalities or enable new forms of oppression – neither can be isolated from offline experiences and traditional media – and some of the articles will delve into these matters.

Articles in this section:

CJCS calls for submissions on the Catalan crisis

In the light of the latest events in Spain/Catalonia, we call for contributions on the role of the media and other cultural outlets in the Catalan crisis or ‘Catalan October’. Submissions will be considered for publication in one of our next miscellaneous or special issues (2018-2019).

Make sure to follow us on Twitter to find out about latest CfPs



Check out our latest issue 9.1 online!

What do pain communication, relationships between political and commercial spots, watchdog journalism in Cyprus, the downfall of Spanish stereotypes, and ludoliteracy in common? They’re all hot topics in our latest issue, available at the Intellect content website.


Mapping political and economic values 2008-2011-2015. Source: José Luís Hernández Olmedo (from: ‘Axiological relationships between audio-visual political and commercial messages in spain from 2008 to 2015’).

New issue published

Our latest miscellaneous issue is online now with the following articles:

Three twenty-first-century disaster films, the ideology of science and the future of democratic debate

Mapping media accountability in stateless nations: The case of Catalonia

Mediacentric spaces and physical spaces in minority language use: A case study on the Basque language press

The impact of the Ebola Virus and rare diseases in the media and the perception of risk in Spain

Negotiating national unity and diversity in public broadcasting: A comparative study on South Africa and Flanders

How Nazi press instructions framed German perceptions of the Spanish Civil War


Media and the construction of memory: The case of the Arboleda massacre in Colombia


The Unleashed Scandal: The End of Control in the Digital Age. Bernhard Poerksen and Hanne Detel (2014)

De la necropolítica neoliberal a la empatía radical:Violencia discreta, cuerpos excluidos y repolitización. Clara Valverde Gefaell (2015)
Review by JESÚS COBO

Gender and Media: Representing, Producing, Consuming. Tonny Krijnen and Sofie Van Bauwel (2015)

Mujeresenmedio(s): Propuestas para analizar la comunicación masiva con perspectiva de género. Asunción Bernárdez Rodal (2015)

Directoras de cine en España y América Latina: Nuevas voces y miradas. Pietsie Feenstra, Esther Gimeno Ugalde and Kathrin Sartingen (eds) (2014)
Review by ELENA OROZ

Cataract. John Berger (2011)


Available at:


CJCS indexed in Web of Science

We are pleased to announce that the Catalan Journal of Communication & Cultural Studies has now been accepted for indexing in the Emerging Sources Citation Index,
 a new edition of Web of Science by Thompson Reuters.

The inclusion of the CJCS in the Emerging Sources Citation Index demonstrates our dedication to providing the most relevant and influential Communication Studies content to our community.

I want to congratulate my team, Iolanda Tortajada, Carlota Moragas and Antonio Caballero and the Department of Communication Studies at the University Rovira i Virgili for making this possible.

Impact Factor Catalan Journal of Communication & Cultural Studies

Our journal now has its own dedicated Scopus page and impact factor. Thanks to the hard work of the previous years and all the valuable contributions in our latest Volumes, we have come this far. We strive to keep the impact factor rising.

Cilia Willem, Editor

Read. Write. Grow.

When Enric Castelló and other members of the editorial team suggested me as a new editor of the CJCS I thought they were joking. To be at the height of Enric’s devotion, perseverance and quality as an editor is, to say the least, a challenge.

But against all odds I decided to take this challenge.

I feel privileged: the journal has grown up and is now reaching new heights in the international scene of scholars and practitioners in media and film studies, cultural practices, gender studies, public relations and social communication. Our multidisciplinary approach and the recent indexation in Scopus is rapidly multiplying the journal’s impact in these fields.

As a Belgian citizen and ‘cultural’ Flemish living in Catalonia since 1996, I have been interested in the (de)construction of national and cultural identities through media as a major site of social negotiation for a long time. As the Catalan national identity and independence are gaining momentum, the CJCS provides in-depth analysis of past and current cultural processes in Catalan society as well as in other European and international contexts. These two perspectives, the local and the global, are the strength of the journal and appeal to a growing and diverse readership.

Finally, the unconditional support from the Intellect staff back in Bristol and from my colleagues at the Communication Department of the Rovira and Virgili University – especially our new managing editor Carlota Moragas -, helped me to make up my mind and take this challenge.

So, dear readers and authors: let’s keep reading, keep writing, keep growing.

Cilia Willem, October 2014

Farewell with thanks

All this began in 2007 in informal conversations among the members of the still Pre-Department of Communication Studies in Tarragona, at the University Rovira i Virgili. There, with my colleagues Bernat López, Jordi Farré and Josetxo Cerdan… we decided to enrol in a huge project: to launch an international journal in English that would publish the best research on media and communications related to the Catalan society, but open to other national contexts.

Today the Catalan Journal of Communication and Cultural Studies is a reality thanks to Intellect Books, who trusted in the project and in the team. The CJCS has published dozens of good articles following a blind peer review policy and last year the prestigious international index, Scopus, included the title in the database. Today, articles are indexed and the texts are in the most important academic platforms.

Acting as editor has been a pleasure and also a huge work, sometimes tiring, at moments exciting (especially interesting is when the new issue arrived at your mail box…). But the thing that I will better remember is my relationship with people: colleagues, reviewers, authors, and publishers… After six years, I leave the post of Editor of the CJCS having all them in my mind, thanks very much to all.

Dr. Cilia Willem, who recently has been enrolled at the Department of Communication Studies, will be the new editor of CJCS. She has an excellent profile and qualities to carry out the task of leading an international journal. I am very satisfied to see that the CJCS faces a bright future at her hands.

There is a never-ending list of people to thank… sorry if anyone is not mentioned here… The editorial team (Bernat López, Jordi Farré, Josetxo Cerdan, Hugh O’Donnell, Carme Farré, Yolanda Tortajada), the Editorial Board members, the reviewers that kindly offered their expertise, Intellect’s staff, to my colleagues at the Department of Communication Studies.. Thanks also to readers and to colleagues that encourage me to stand on the first line.

Enric Castelló

Obituary. Alberto Elena (1958-2014)

Professor of Cinema Studies at University Carlos III and member of the Advisory Editorial Board of the Catalan Journal of Communication and Cultural Studies

The little kid that went to the cinema during the summer in a small town in Avila called Piedrahita, probably didn’t know that cinema would later be such an essential part of his life. In Spain in the sixties, popular cinema still played an important role in our social milieu; it was a place where all types of audiences came together. The extent to which he enjoyed popular cinema can easily be noted in a rare text that he wrote on Joselito, the singer, published in 2001. His days as a fan of these types of movies would later enrich his career as a historian of cinema. In fact, he would end up becoming one of the greatest specialists in World Cinema.

During his university days, it was really funny to hear him speak about his passion for Antonioni, which he later thought to be excessive. At that time he devoured all French and Spanish cinema reviews and criticism even though he was studying Philosophy. He eventually went on to become a lecturer in the History of Science professor. He initially worked in the UNED (Spanish Open University) and finally in the Universidad Autónoma of Madrid University (UAM). I remember coming him across him in the train to Cantoblanco campus and, instead of talking about philosophy, we both exchanged our opinions of the last latest films watched we had seen or our expectations about some regarding others that were to be screened soon.

Although dedicated to the Modern History of Science and the popularisation of Science during his years at the UAM, he started the film club in the Philosophy Department. This was his first step towards teaching cinema at university, and it encouraged him to design his biggest project: a Programme of Cinema Studies. This programme enabled him to start a PhD programme in History of Cinema – which didn’t exist in any other Spanish university at that time. He also founded the journal Secuencias, which will celebrate its twentieth anniversary this year. His effort to combine his two fields of study – Science and Cinema – can be traced in his book: Ciencia, cine e historia. De Méliès a 2001 (2002).

As a result of his tenacity, Professor Elena achieved his transfer to Carlos III University in 2006; at a time that he was already teaching Cinema and Media Studies. At that point in his career, his extensive publications revealed his passion for World Cinema, which he introduced into the Spanish Academy. His commitment to knowledge led him to start publishing dictionaries and monographs that opened new fields of academic research in Spain. After that Alberto became an active promoter of research in these areas, as well as a tireless academic who wrote everything from general manuals to highly focused investigations, where he showed his creativity and his great productive capacity. You can follow his intellectual journey in World Cinema in books such as El cine del Tercer Mundo (1993) or Los cines periféricos: África, Oriente Medio, India (1999). Moreover, his curious nature spurred him to chart this unknown territory in a vast number of academic articles. His passion for travelling can be spotted in articles such as “De Tánger a Yakarta: Cartografías del cine en el mundo islámico” (2007) or “De Argel a Bombay: Paisajes urbanos en el cine contemporáneo” (2010). These articles are engaging itineraries which resulted from many thousands of hours watching the most peculiar films in festivals, rented from odd video clubs, as well as taken from his personal library which he nurtured all his life. His wife, Paloma, always supported him lovingly in his life as a traveller and as a dedicated film viewer; she was an accomplice in his adventures around the world.

His bibliography is evidence of his indefatigable research. Furthermore, he also encouraged others to undertake research projects, which can be witnessed in the large number of PhD students who ended up working in world cinema. We all form part of his school and always benefited from his assistance. Most of us had the opportunity to write or edit books and articles with him. It seemed as if he carried all our research in his head. When you met him it was normal to receive a little piece of paper, written in his peculiar handwriting, with something you should look at and read.

Moreover, his bibliography covers almost the entire Cinema World, which can be grouped into three main research areas: Latin American, African and Asian cinema.

Firstly, he worked on Latin American cinema and its connection to Spanish cinema. He was a pioneer in writing on this topic in the Spanish academy. Titles such as the following must be highlighted as being among the most important, including articles, Special issues of Cinema journals or books: “Cine para Macondo: Tecnología, industria y espectáculo en Latinoamérica, 1896-1932” (1998), Mitologías latinoamericanas (edited with Paulo A. Paranaguá, 1999), “Avatares del cine latinoamericano en España” (1999), The Latin American Cinema (edited with Marina Díaz, 2002), “Para un observador lejano: el documental latinoamericano en España” (written with Mariano E. Mestman, 2003), “Cine y migraciones: la experiencia hispanoamericana” (2005) and Abismos de pasión: Una historia de las relaciones cinematográficas hispano-mexicanas (edited with Eduardo de la Vega, 2009).

Secondly, African cinema, where he focused on the study of the creation of national cinemas (“Cines del Magreb: identidades disputadas”, 2011) and the Nollywood phenomenon (“Nollywood forever”, 2009). He was also the leading specialist on the connection between Spanish cinema and colonialism (La llamada de África. Estudios sobre el cine colonial español, 2010). He was also a pioneer in Spain in the use of Transnational Cinema theories applied to cinema.

Finally, Asian cinema, from Bollywood (El sueño de Bollywood: cine contemporáneo en la India, written with Aruna Vasudev (2003), “Global Bollywood”, 2007 and “Bollywood: nuevos contextos y nuevos públicos”, edited with Heliodoro San Miguel (2012) or Satyahit Ray (1999)) to the Chinese cinema boom (“Mi cámara no miente: Nuevo documental chino”, 2005) and to Iranian cinema. He is one of the best known international specialists on Abbas Kiarostami (2002 and 2005).

The organiser and collaborator of an endless list of national and international institutions and festivals, his zeal to explore the complexity of cinema, made his commitment to popularisation among other audiences and viewers possible.

He was diagnosed with cancer in 2001 and since then, he started fighting against this horrible illness. Every time I met him, I remember telling him I admired his calmness in the face of his illness and the pain it brought him. Then I remember his loving smile and his answer: “What else can I do?”

The eager film-viewer and the conscientious historian cannot make us forget the wonderful person he was. His sense of humour, his fair and generous attitude towards knowledge, towards the people who had the honour of working by his side, are difficult to express. The pain of his loss is not lessened by the necessary gratitude I owe to his legacy and to the honour of having been his student and his friend: an all-embracing concept of Cinema which was as huge as his heart.

 Marina Díaz López, Instituto Cervantes

CJCS 6.1 is out!

The 6.1 issue is out! This contains six research and theoretical articles, a Gateway contribution and a couple of Viewpoint texts. The content is diverse and studying topics including theater and performance, TV documentary, minority language media, gender analysis and media history.

The collection is counting with  contributions from scholars based in three main territories of Catalan speaking language (Catalonia, Valencia and Balearic Island), along with other from Spain and Colombia. The Reviews section, coordinated by Dr. Iolanda Tortajada, include seven texts discussing books in journalism, theater, social media, sociology, history representations, feminism and digital journalism. We all hope you enjoy it!